Thursday, April 28, 2011

Funk Carioca

US DJ Diplo on funk in the favelas of Rio

Favela on Blast intro (USA version with Diplo's voice) from Leandro HBL on Vimeo.


Favelas overview with Feira de Acari song_(Favela on Blast) from Leandro HBL on Vimeo.

Preparing for the funk dance (from the documentary "Favela on Blast")

Baile Funk dos Prazeres_(Favela on Blast) from Leandro HBL on Vimeo.

1980s Miami Bass


Favela on Blast (Dj Marlboro)_Study from Leandro HBL on Vimeo.


Live montage with MPC by Dj Sany Pitbull_(Favela on Blast) from Leandro HBL on Vimeo.

Afro-Reggae (trailer from the documentary "Favela Rising")

A little more from "Favela Rising"

"Music of Resistance" documentary by Al Jazeera English, hosted by a member of the UK's
Asian Dub Foundation (whose name I forget)

Part II of the same

Last but not least, AfroReggae's websites:
In Portuguese:
In English (from the UK-based, AfroReggae-associated organization Favela to the World):

Monday, April 25, 2011

Reggaetón - April 26

A link to Wayne Marshall's transcriptions and sound clips: here.

In case you spent 2004 on another planet or in a coma and didn't get a chance to hear it - Daddy Yankee's "Gasolina"

Here are the the musical elements in this song that Marshall talks about as being linked to various other genres:

  • "Galloping figures" and "half step harmonic motion" suggesting Spanish pasodoble (bullfighting music), like the venerable "España cañí":

  • Nasal delivery like certain salsa soneros (singers) - here's an example of the great Hector Lavoe singing "Triste y vacía
  • The Dem Bow rhythm, featuring "3+3+2" (also known as tresillo), here on the original Shabba Ranks tune.

    And the also seminal "Bam Bam" riddim:
Some dancehall tunes, also popular in hip hop circles in the US in the early 90s, which ended up being referenced in early reggaetón:
  • Chaka Demus and Pliers "Murder She Wrote" (1992)
  • Cutty Ranks "A Who Seh Me Dun" (1993)
  • Dirtsman "Hot This Year"

PR underground/melaza/dembow/"proto-reggaetón": Playero 38

On reggaetonero, Tego Calderón, even has a reggaetón song, referencing an Afro-Puero Rican town, that samples the traditional Afro-Puerto Rican drum/dance called bomba:

Nuyorican rapper Big Pun's "Dream Shatterer"

Puerto Rican (from the island) rapper Vico C - an oldie but goodie (with a hilariously old school video) - "Tony Presidio"

El General's "Tu Pum Pum"

Little Lenny "Punnany Tegereg"

Bachata-influenced reggaetón - Wissin y Yandel's "Mayor que yo" has tons of bachata guitar

(If you don't remember, bachata guitar sounds like this:

Making the hurban market: NORE & Nina Sky's "Oye mi canto"

Some more modern Panamanian bultrón/plena/reggae(tón) - Kufu Bantón's "Vamos pa' la playa" ("A pasarla bien con los friends"). Notice the use of R. Kelly's "Thoia Thong" track:

Here's the aforementioned "Thoia Thoing"

The roots reggae and dub influence remains strong in Panamanian reggae - for example in El Rookie's "Grand Error" (although Rookie also sings more reggaetón-styled music)

The easily downloadable computer beat-making program Fruity Loops (now "FL studio"):

Reegaetón has sired mutant offspring all through the world. Here's choque/choke/shoke from western Colombia:

Thursday, April 21, 2011


Congolese Soukous - popular in the champeta/picó scene
Here's Kanda Bongo Man's "Zing Zong", well known in Cartagena

Cuban Music in Congo
Franco & Le Tout Puissant OK Jazz's "Tcha Tcha Tcha de Mi Amor"

Cuban Music in New York: The Palladium

Machito - New York Afro-Cuban mambo/Latin jazz band, here in Japan in the 1960s

"Bang Bang" Joe Cuba's boogaloo ode to cornbread, hogmaw, cuchifrito and lechón

Another Joe Cuba boogaloo - El Pito (I'll Never Go back to Georgia)"

Cuban mambo by Nuyroican Tito Puente: Ran Kan Kan

Another famous Nuyorican mambo by Puente: "Oye Como Va"

New York salsa - Hector Lavoe and Willie Colón do "Todo Tiene Su Final"

1972 in Central Park - Eddie and Charlie Palmieri perform "Muñeca"

Rumba in Tompkins Square Park (NYC)

Mizik Engajé (Political Music) from the Haitian Diaspora
Ti-Manno "Culture par nous"

Boukman Eksperyans - Jou Nou Revolte (Today We Revolt)

Boukman Eksperyans - Ke m Pa Sote ("My Herat Doesn't Leap/I Am Not Afraid")

Brooklyn Labor Day Caribbean Carnival

Pan in Brooklyn

More Pan, just 'cuz



Afro-Peruvian percussion
The cajón
More cajón

Playing festejo
Coito and Victor Félix play a Waltz


Old documentary on Afro-Peruvian music

Folkloric dance: Zamba malató

Son de los Diablos

Nicomedes Santa Cruz

Zamacueca, re-Africanized precursor to the national dance, marinera


Tuesday, April 19, 2011

Thursday April 19

Sound System Cultures: Champeta
"El Gato" at work

Picó (Sound System) El Imperio

El Rey de Rocha picó (sound system) vs. El Skorpión

El Skorpión vs. Travieso

Thursday, April 14, 2011

Jamaica, Cuba, Colombia: Black Nationalism, Afro-Futurism, and

The Wailers play "You Can't Blame the Youth" - Peter Tosh sings, 1973

Marcus Garvey (above), Ras Tafari Makonnen, Haile Selassie (below)

Rasta Nyabinghi

Nyabinghi in Reggae - The Wailers' Rastaman Chant, 1973

another Bob Marley Nyabinghi Reggae: "Babylon System"

Arsenio Rodríguez

Arsenio's "Fuego en el 23" ("Fire on 23rd Street")

Arsenio's "Bruca manigua" ("Maroon Magician of the Forest")

All of this is very different from the elite Afro-Cubanism that was happening at the same time, like that of Bola de Nieve (here, singing "El Manicero," about a black peanut vendor)

Transnationalism and Technology

Black American Curtis Mayfield's "People Get Ready"

Bob Marley's "One Love" borrows from Mayfield's song

Technology and Afro-Futurism
Lee "Scratch" Perry produced "People Funny" - with crying baby

Another wierd Scratch production, "Thanks We Get" (1974) Junior Byles sings

And another, here with the Wailers, "Mr. Brown"

Later dub, here from master experimentalist King Tubby:

The dub aesthetic in reggae. Eek-A-Mouse's 1982 "Noah's Ark" - Dub breakdown around 2:40
The Riddim Method

Dillinger and the Bretford Harmonics' "High Fashion Christmas" (1976) - first appearance of the "Hi-Fashion Riddim"

Freddie Macgregor's "Bobby Babylon" (1979)

Horace Martin's "Tired Body" (late 70s?)

A mix of Hi-Fashion riddim hits from 1980-81:
Barrington Levy - Mine Yuh Mouth (1981)/Louie Lepkie - Late Night Movie (1981/Dillinger - Kublicon (1980)/Ranking Joe - Leave Fi Mi Girl Arlene (~1980)

Dub on the Hi-Fashion Riddim: Scientist's "Dub Bible"

U-Roy Toasting

Full digital - from analog to digital, reggae to ragga
Wayne Smith's "Under Me Sleng Teng" (1985), the first fully computerized riddim

Super Cat on the same riddim

Monday, April 11, 2011


Traditional Music
Jamaican Maroons of Moore Town - the abeng horn at 0:28 or so, "Sankeys" at 1:50 or so, Maroon drummimg at 2:50

Christmas in the Jamaican Maroon town of Accompong

For more on the Maroons there's a mini-documentary on Isaac Bernard, speaker of Eastern Maroon Kromanti language here
Jamaican Kumina drums

Kumina Show/Party

Revival Singing in St. Ann's Parish

and here with drums:

Old school Jamaican mento, Theodre Miller on violin

More mento
(with the lead harmonica too quiet...) - Pepper Mento Band

The Jolly Boys are part of the recent mento revival

More Jolly Boys, from their recent album of covers

Reggae Precursors
US saxophonist Louis Jordan

US singer Fats Domino

Skanking to Byron Lee & The Dragonaires at Club Sombrero in Kingston, Jamaica, 1962

Millie Small's 1964 "My Boy Lollipop" - the first international ska hit

The original "My Boy Lollipop," Barbie Gaye's 1956 version
Mento influence in ska: a very young Bob Marley and a pennywhistle in "judge Not" (1962)

And apparently, the mystery singer "Girl Wonder," a female mento singer of the 60s, was in fact the future Rita Marley. Here she is singing "Cutting Wood"

Ska began to slow down and get a more syncopated bass, spawning rocksteady, like in the Clarendonians' "Rude Boy Gone A Jail"

The "one-drop" bass line in rocksteady, from "No Good Rudie" by Justin Hinds & the Dominoes

Rocksteady could have a hard edge, as in "Shanty Town (007)" by Desmond Decker, with lyrics about the rude boys

Rocksteady became the soundtrack for the rude boys, as in the 1972 crime drama "The Harder They Come," with Jimmy Cliff

Thursday, April 7, 2011

Trinidad - Carnival
Hot Hot Hot (Arrow) - 1980

Trinidad Carnival 2009

Bacchanal (Destra García)

Carnival Costume Competition

Jamaica - Women
Dancehall Queen (1997) - Full Movie

Romantic Call (Patra w/ YoYo) - Randomly featuring Tupac

Man is the Least (Lady Saw)

I've Got Your Man (Lady Saw)

Homophobic Jamaican Dancehall
Chi ChiMan (TOK)

Dem Bow (Shabba Ranks)

Wayne Marshall of wayne&wax on the tight pants phenom in Jamaica here

Tambu Bamboo - Trinidad

Rara (Haiti)

Carnaval (Rio, Brazil)

Carnaval (Salvador, Brazil - Ilê Ayé group)

Samba-Reggae - O canto da cidade (Daniela Mercury)