Friday, November 4, 2011

Just to make sure we're all clear on what you'll be doing for Monday:

In the Morales book, 275-298
In Roberts, 191-199.
Please post, as comments, some of the songs mentioned in the readings (especially the Morales), along with your name, the name of the song or songs and the page number. Make sure no one has already posted the same thing before you. Please have the posts done by Monday at noon. I've put an example below.

Monday, May 9, 2011

Listening Identification

Bachata - Dominican Republic
High-pitched electric guitar playing single notes
Güira scraper
Romantic, tears-in-your-beer lyrics

Ska - Jamaica (1960s)
Skank rhythm - Upbeat emphasized, especially on piano, organ, or horns

Reggae - Jamaica (1970s-1980s)
Slower than ska
Skank rhythm on upbeat on guitar
Complex bass lines

Dub - Jamaica (1970s and 1980s)
A kind of reggae
Almost entirely instrumental
Lots of echo/reverb
Instruments slide in and out of the mix

Nyabinghi - Jamaica
Slow "heartbeat" rhythm
Multiple percussion
Many voices together

Steel pan - Trinidad
Umm... a lot of steel pans

Rara - Haiti
Many horns, each playing one note at different times to make a melody
Backing percussion

Afro-Peruvian Music
Sometimes other percussion, including quijada, cajita, and cowbell

Champeta - Colombia
Guitar-driven African music
Synthesized dog barks and laser blasts

Dem Bow - Jamaica/Puerto Rico
Listen here, examples 1 and 6

Reggaetón - Puerto Rico
Dem Bow
Changing snares
Spanish language

Thursday, May 5, 2011

Hip Hop

Block Party: from the documentary "80 Blocks from Tiffany's"

Breaking - NYC Breakerz vs. Rock Steady Crew, from "Beat Street"

Tuesday, May 3, 2011

Theft of Carnaval

A video of Río's Carnaval in the "Sambódromo" - take it for the visuals, not the dodgy historical content:

A "pagode": neighborhood samba

Samba for export: "Embassadress of Samba" Carmen Miranda:

Thursday, April 28, 2011

Funk Carioca

US DJ Diplo on funk in the favelas of Rio

Favela on Blast intro (USA version with Diplo's voice) from Leandro HBL on Vimeo.


Favelas overview with Feira de Acari song_(Favela on Blast) from Leandro HBL on Vimeo.

Preparing for the funk dance (from the documentary "Favela on Blast")

Baile Funk dos Prazeres_(Favela on Blast) from Leandro HBL on Vimeo.

1980s Miami Bass


Favela on Blast (Dj Marlboro)_Study from Leandro HBL on Vimeo.


Live montage with MPC by Dj Sany Pitbull_(Favela on Blast) from Leandro HBL on Vimeo.

Afro-Reggae (trailer from the documentary "Favela Rising")

A little more from "Favela Rising"

"Music of Resistance" documentary by Al Jazeera English, hosted by a member of the UK's
Asian Dub Foundation (whose name I forget)

Part II of the same

Last but not least, AfroReggae's websites:
In Portuguese:
In English (from the UK-based, AfroReggae-associated organization Favela to the World):

Monday, April 25, 2011

Reggaetón - April 26

A link to Wayne Marshall's transcriptions and sound clips: here.

In case you spent 2004 on another planet or in a coma and didn't get a chance to hear it - Daddy Yankee's "Gasolina"

Here are the the musical elements in this song that Marshall talks about as being linked to various other genres:

  • "Galloping figures" and "half step harmonic motion" suggesting Spanish pasodoble (bullfighting music), like the venerable "España cañí":

  • Nasal delivery like certain salsa soneros (singers) - here's an example of the great Hector Lavoe singing "Triste y vacía
  • The Dem Bow rhythm, featuring "3+3+2" (also known as tresillo), here on the original Shabba Ranks tune.

    And the also seminal "Bam Bam" riddim:
Some dancehall tunes, also popular in hip hop circles in the US in the early 90s, which ended up being referenced in early reggaetón:
  • Chaka Demus and Pliers "Murder She Wrote" (1992)
  • Cutty Ranks "A Who Seh Me Dun" (1993)
  • Dirtsman "Hot This Year"

PR underground/melaza/dembow/"proto-reggaetón": Playero 38

On reggaetonero, Tego Calderón, even has a reggaetón song, referencing an Afro-Puero Rican town, that samples the traditional Afro-Puerto Rican drum/dance called bomba:

Nuyorican rapper Big Pun's "Dream Shatterer"

Puerto Rican (from the island) rapper Vico C - an oldie but goodie (with a hilariously old school video) - "Tony Presidio"

El General's "Tu Pum Pum"

Little Lenny "Punnany Tegereg"

Bachata-influenced reggaetón - Wissin y Yandel's "Mayor que yo" has tons of bachata guitar

(If you don't remember, bachata guitar sounds like this:

Making the hurban market: NORE & Nina Sky's "Oye mi canto"

Some more modern Panamanian bultrón/plena/reggae(tón) - Kufu Bantón's "Vamos pa' la playa" ("A pasarla bien con los friends"). Notice the use of R. Kelly's "Thoia Thong" track:

Here's the aforementioned "Thoia Thoing"

The roots reggae and dub influence remains strong in Panamanian reggae - for example in El Rookie's "Grand Error" (although Rookie also sings more reggaetón-styled music)

The easily downloadable computer beat-making program Fruity Loops (now "FL studio"):

Reegaetón has sired mutant offspring all through the world. Here's choque/choke/shoke from western Colombia:

Thursday, April 21, 2011


Congolese Soukous - popular in the champeta/picó scene
Here's Kanda Bongo Man's "Zing Zong", well known in Cartagena

Cuban Music in Congo
Franco & Le Tout Puissant OK Jazz's "Tcha Tcha Tcha de Mi Amor"

Cuban Music in New York: The Palladium

Machito - New York Afro-Cuban mambo/Latin jazz band, here in Japan in the 1960s

"Bang Bang" Joe Cuba's boogaloo ode to cornbread, hogmaw, cuchifrito and lechón

Another Joe Cuba boogaloo - El Pito (I'll Never Go back to Georgia)"

Cuban mambo by Nuyroican Tito Puente: Ran Kan Kan

Another famous Nuyorican mambo by Puente: "Oye Como Va"

New York salsa - Hector Lavoe and Willie Colón do "Todo Tiene Su Final"

1972 in Central Park - Eddie and Charlie Palmieri perform "Muñeca"

Rumba in Tompkins Square Park (NYC)

Mizik Engajé (Political Music) from the Haitian Diaspora
Ti-Manno "Culture par nous"

Boukman Eksperyans - Jou Nou Revolte (Today We Revolt)

Boukman Eksperyans - Ke m Pa Sote ("My Herat Doesn't Leap/I Am Not Afraid")

Brooklyn Labor Day Caribbean Carnival

Pan in Brooklyn

More Pan, just 'cuz